Spanish word of the week: listo

listo ADJECTIVE bright, smart; ready

Getting to know when to use ser and when estar can take a bit of practice. Listo is a good case of the difference your choice can make.

Es un chico muy listo. He’s a very bright boy.
Es la más lista de la clase. She’s the smartest girl in the class.

But when you use it with the verb estar it means ready:
¿Están listos? Are you ready?
Todo está ya listo para la expedición. Everything’s already ready for the expedition.

Used with estar it also has a third meaning, finished:

El trabajo tendrá que estar listo para mañana. The job will have to be finished by tomorrow.

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