Here are 9 new words recently added to Collins English Dictionary online.
There is a scientific bent to the latest update. Along with ‘haplogroup’, three types of ‘blot’ test – Southern, northern, and western – make an appearance. The differences in capitalization among these three are significant, as the Southern blot test is named after its creator, biochemist Edwin Southern, while the others are word plays in reference to this name.
Cybersecurity (or should we say cybercrime?) is another theme running through some of the September additions, for example ‘brute-force attack’, a new meaning of ‘social engineering’ and, less directly, ‘zero-click’. And while the increasing popularity of electric vehicles continues to be represented through the inclusion of ‘BEV’ and ‘EREV’, there is reference to a potential downside in the form of ‘range anxiety’.
BEV abbreviation for battery electric vehicle
brute-force attack noun an attempt to hack into a computer or network by submitting a large number of possible passcodes
EREV abbreviation for extended-range electric vehicle
northern blot noun biochemistry a technique that uses restriction enzymes to break down RNA molecules into fragments
range anxiety noun informal a concern, experienced by the driver of an electric vehicle, that the battery may be fully discharged before a suitable charging point is reached
social engineering noun the fraudulent use of social media to obtain personal or confidential information
Southern blot noun biochemistry a technique that uses restriction enzymes to break down DNA molecules into fragments
western blot noun biochemistry a technique used to detect the presence of a specific protein in a sample of tissue
zero-click adjective (of a computer program) able to be executed without any action on the part of the user
Written by Mary O’Neill, managing editor.
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